Statistics Canada says economy added 84,000 jobs in October

OTTAWA — Statistics Canada says the pace of job growth slowed in October as the economy added 83,600 jobs in the month compared with 378,000 in September.

The unemployment rate was little changed at 8.9 per cent compared with 9.0 per cent in September.

Overall, there were about 1.8 million people out of work in October.

The average economist estimate was for a gain of 100,000 jobs in October and an unemployment rate of 8.8 per cent, according to financial data firm Refinitiv.

Job increases were found across several industries, including retail.

Most of the gains too were in full-time work, with core-aged women benefiting the most to bring their unemployment rate to 6.6 per cent, the lowest among the major demographic groups tracked by Statistics Canada.

But those gains were partially offset by a decrease of 48,000 jobs in the accommodation and food services industry, largely in Quebec, Statistics Canada says.

More Canadians were also working at home in October, coinciding with a rise in case counts of COVID-19.

CIBC senior economist Royce Mendes says the fact the economy posted another gain in October was good news.

“It seems like employment readings are destined to ebb and flow over the coming fall and winter months, as governments try to adjust activity in attempts to contain the virus,” he writes in a note.

Statistics Canada says the unemployment rate would have been 11.3 per cent in October had it included in calculations the 540,000 Canadians who wanted to work last month but didn’t search for a job.

A quick look at Canada’s October employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Unemployment rate: 8.9 per cent (9.0)
  • Employment rate: 59.4 per cent (59.1)
  • Participation rate: 65.2 per cent (65.0)
  • Number unemployed: 1,816,800 (1,832,600)
  • Number working: 18,553,500 (18,469,900)
  • Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 18.8 per cent (18.9)
  • Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 7.8 per cent (7.8)
  • Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 6.8 per cent (7.0)

Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Newfoundland and Labrador 12.8 per cent (14.8)
  • Prince Edward Island 10.0 per cent (10.1)
  • Nova Scotia 8.7 per cent (7.9)
  • New Brunswick 10.1 per cent (10.4)
  • Quebec 7.7 per cent (7.4)
  • Ontario 9.6 per cent (9.5)
  • Manitoba 7.1 per cent (7.0)
  • Saskatchewan 6.4 per cent (6.8)
  • Alberta 10.7 per cent (11.7)
  • British Columbia 8.0 per cent (8.4)

Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • St. John’s, N.L. 8.8 per cent (9.8)
  • Halifax 7.7 per cent (8.4)
  • Moncton, N.B. 8.3 per cent (7.1)
  • Saint John, N.B. 10.0 per cent (10.1)
  • Saguenay, Que. 5.0 per cent (5.4)
  • Quebec City 4.5 per cent (5.0)
  • Sherbrooke, Que. 7.0 per cent (7.4)
  • Trois-Rivieres, Que. 6.0 per cent (6.3)
  • Montreal 9.6 per cent (10.7)
  • Gatineau, Que. 7.9 per cent (8.1)
  • Ottawa 8.2 per cent (8.7)
  • Kingston, Ont. 8.5 per cent (9.1)
  • Peterborough, Ont. 11.7 per cent (11.2)
  • Oshawa, Ont. 8.3 per cent (9.6)
  • Toronto 11.5 per cent (12.8)
  • Hamilton, Ont. 9.2 per cent (8.9)
  • St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 7.5 per cent (8.7)
  • Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 10.8 per cent (12.2)
  • Brantford, Ont. 7.2 per cent (8.1)
  • Guelph, Ont. 8.3 per cent (9.6)
  • London, Ont. 8.9 per cent (8.9)
  • Windsor, Ont. 10.8 per cent (9.8)
  • Barrie, Ont. 9.2 per cent (9.4)
  • Greater Sudbury, Ont. 7.9 per cent (8.5)
  • Thunder Bay, Ont. 7.6 per cent (8.3)
  • Winnipeg 8.7 per cent (9.4)
  • Regina 6.1 per cent (7.4)
  • Saskatoon 8.1 per cent (9.2)
  • Calgary 11.3 per cent (12.6)
  • Edmonton 12.0 per cent (12.6)
  • Kelowna, B.C. 6.2 per cent (8.0)
  • Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 8.6 per cent (8.0)
  • Vancouver 9.7 per cent (11.1)
  • Victoria 7.6 per cent (9.1)

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Nov. 6, 2020.

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